ERIC Number: ED049647
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Computer Assisted Feedback of Non-Intellectual Factors as a Means of Improving Small Group Instruction. Final Report.
Hill, Richard J.
How feedback affects small-group processes and group outcomes and how these outcomes vary with computer-assisted or experimenter-assisted modes of supplying feedback were investigated. Feedback theory was conceptualized through a work-emotionality framework. Theoretical constructs were operationalized through the use of Boyd's three-channel mode of communication. Experimental intervention resulted in increased perception of openness in the expression of feelings, increased interest in problem solving, improved decision-making procedures, and increased cooperation during experimentation. Groups that received feedback, both computer and experimenter-assisted, showed significant improvements in creativity and utilization of group resources. Computer-assisted feedback groups had a better short-term perception of improved cooperation and interest among group members and a greater short-term improvement in perception of decision-making procedures. In feedback groups work-emotionality activity changed in directions opposite to feedback instructions, that is, toward increased incongruency. Among the long-term effects observed in computer-assisted feedback groups were a decrease in perceived cooperation and a decrease in perceived interest in problem solving during post-experimental sessions. (Author/JY)
Descriptors: Communication (Thought Transfer), Computers, Decision Making Skills, Feedback, Group Behavior, Group Dynamics, Group Unity, Information Theory, Intergroup Relations, Interpersonal Relationship, Intervention, Problem Solving, Psychological Studies, Small Group Instruction, Sociometric Techniques
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison.
Note: Thesis submitted to the University of Wisconsin