ERIC Number: ED049491
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Reference Count: 0
The Effects of Time Outs to S-Approaches on Transposition and Peak Shift.
Wildemann, Donald G.; Holland, James G.
Relational responding and peak shift were found to be related. In two experiments, pigeons were trained to make a successive discrimination by either the blackout method of errorless learning or training with extinction. In experiment 1, pigeons trained with extinction learned a circle-sized discrimination more quickly than pigeons trained with the blackout technique. In experiment 2, the results of experiment 1 were confirmed with a more difficult discrimination and the blackout technique was found to produce both peak shift and relational responding in some subjects. The results were tentatively related to Terrace's analysis of discrimination learning. The question is raised as to whether the blackout technique of errorless learning is not in fact a traditional extinction method. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Pittsburgh Univ., PA. Learning Research and Development Center.