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ERIC Number: ED049227
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Pages: 204
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
A Study of the Performance of Second Grade Children on "Taught" and "Untaught" Words Having Regular and Less Regular Spelling Patterns.
Olson, James Harry
This study was designed (1) to contrast the performance of grade 2 children on the pronunciation of words which had been systematically taught through the basal reading program during grade 1, with words which had not been taught and were encountered at higher levels in that same basal reading program; and (2) to compare pupils' ability to pronounce words having regular and less regular spelling patterns. Boys and girls (N=436) of both high and low reading abilities were tested, individually, on a list of 230 words, half of which were regularly spelled and half less regularly spelled. An analysis of variance was employed to compare mean differences in scores on the word list test between reading ability, sex, word type, and word regularity. Nearly twice as many taught words were correctly pronounced as untaught words, and regularly spelled words were more readily pronounced. High reading ability children correctly pronounced nearly twice as many words as did low reading ability children. Girls were superior to boys on total number of words correctly pronounced. Among several implications, findings indicated that more effort should be directed in the initial stages of reading instruction to teach low reading ability children systematic methods of attacking and unlocking new words. (Author/DD)
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, Dissertation Copies Post Office Box 1764, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 70-15,854, MFilm $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Minnesota