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ERIC Number: ED049218
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Pages: 94
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
An Experimental Study of the Motivational Effect of Punishment and Reward Anticipation on the Listening Comprehension of College Students.
Goodyear, Finis Herbert
To determine the effect of motivation on listening comprehension, this study investigated the effects of two levels of reward and two levels of punishment on immediate recall and reflective listening. The reward was three or 10 points added to the subject's semester grade in a speech class for performance above 85%, and the punishment was three or 10 points deducted from the semester grade for performance below 85% on the Brown-Carlsen Listening Comprehension Test. Undergraduate students, randomly divided into five groups, heard 2-minute, 40-second introductory lectures and identical copies of the tape recorded test. During the lectures, the subjects were presented with appropriate incentives for each group, while the control group was told the test had no relation to the course or their grades. Analysis of data revealed (1) no significant differences among the groups for immediate recall; (2) the three-point punishment produced significant inhibiting effects for reflective listening; (3) no evidence that reward produces any significant effect; and (4) for total test scores, the three-point reward and the three-point punishment groups were significantly different in range, with the control group approximately midway between. (Author/JMC)
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103 (Order No. 70-10,794, MFilm $3.00, Xerography $4.80)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, The University of Texas at Austin