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ERIC Number: ED049203
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Afro-American Language and Culture in the Classroom.
Abrahams, Roger D.
An awareness of the culture and social structure of the lower class Black American community is crucial for understanding "Black English," and therefore is vital for those engaged in educating Black Americans. An in-group means of communication and expression of group solidarity, Black English does not however represent a single code, but rather, membership in any one of a variety of subgroups, based primarily on age and sex differences. Variations in patterns of speech and life stages which differ markedly from those of "mainstream America" (and depart from the expectations of middle class white teachers) account for the great frustrations of Black children upon entering schools where the value system and cultural assumptions are alien and where their own language patterns and social structures are ignored or patently rejected. The educational system will continue to fail these children until the school recognizes and understands the differences as they actually exist, finds the appropriate means for utilizing the linguistic abilities of Black children, and recognizes the nature of Black Culture as a whole. (Numerous illustrative examples of these varying linguistic and social phenomena, and a bibliography are included.) (MF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Unpublished manuscript