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ERIC Number: ED049196
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 48
Abstractor: N/A
The Paradox of Art Education in the Public Schools: A Brief History of Influences.
Dobbs, Stephen Mark
Art education has been a part of the curriculum of American public schools for more than a century, since the first programs for drawing instruction were organized in Massachusetts in the 1870's. Since that time, a theme has emerged which continues to characterize art education into the present: the paradox that art education has consistently embraced rationales for its place in the curriculum which have generally advanced the interests of everything but art. To understand how art education has become historically tethered to the service of almost every other area of school life, this study examines the leading ideas of art educators within the broad educational, cultural, social, and economic contexts within which public school art has functioned. The influences are organized in the study in eight sections: 1) Concern for Commerce: In the Service of Industry; 2) Faith and Morality: The Influence of Philosophical Idioms; 3) Child-Centered Culture: Trends in Psychology and Mental Health; 4) Science and Sensibility: The Growth of Research; 5) The Child As Artist: Impact of the Progressive Era; 6) Government and Art: In the Service of Public Culture; 7) Apollo and the Sacred Grove: Relationships with Artists and Museums; and 8) The Percolation of Taste: Fad, Fashion, and Contemporary Art. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at AERA annual meeting, New York, 1971