ERIC Number: ED049043
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
The Elements of Process in the Research Strategies of American Scientists.
Hogan, James Royce
Nine processes of scientific research, (identified from reports of curriculum projects, the philosophy of science literature, and the opinions of science educators), were used to classify 50 strategies that scientists might follow in research. Fifty percent of a stratified random sample of 100 American researchers from each of the physical, biological, and behavioral sciences returned a questionnaire indicating how frequently they used each of the strategies. The analysis of variance techniques used in data analysis indicate that there were no significant differences in responses between theoretical and applied scientists. There were significant differences between the disciplines in their use of 21 of the 50 strategies. In response to open-ended questions, most scientists defined science in knowledge, rather than process, terms. Their terminology differed from that of science educators, and they indicated a number of methods of formulating hypotheses and designing research. (Author/AL)
Descriptors: Behavioral Sciences, Biology, Doctoral Dissertations, Individual Characteristics, Physical Sciences, Research Methodology, Science Education, Scientific Personnel, Scientific Research, Scientists
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 70-13,835, Microfilm $4.00, Xerography $7.80)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Pennsylvania State Univ., University Park.