ERIC Number: ED048942
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1971-Feb-4
Reference Count: N/A
Differential Performance of Kindergarten Children on Transitivity of Three Matching Relations.
Owens, Douglas T.; Steffe, Leslie P.
The major objective of this study was to investigate differential performances among 5-year-old children when using transitivity of matching relations. Instruments were constructed to measure the subjects' (1) knowledge of matching relations, (2) ability to conserve the relations, and (3) proficiency in making inferences using the transitive property of the relations. Three specially designed tests, administered individually to 21 boys and 21 girls, assessed knowledge of relational terminology, level of conservation and performance on manipulative tasks (matching, comparing, judging quantitative relations among objects). A surprising result of this investigation was that subjects in the high category of conservation did not perform significantly better on transitivity than subjects in the low category of conservation for each relation. In general, differential performance on transitivity between equivalence and order relational groups occurred only within the high conservation level. An extensive comparison is made between present results and Smedslund's (1963a) data for conservation and transitivity of discontinuous quantity. (WY)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Georgia Univ., Athens.