ERIC Number: ED048615
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Is a Theory of Elementary Counseling Per Se Passe for the 70's? (An Integrated Approach to Modifying Behavior: Individual and System Change).
Witmer, J. Melvin
Five models for the behavior change process at both the individual and the systemic level are proposed. The author sees them as comprising an integrated or eclectic approach, which he defines as using that which is most appropriate for achieving goals. The five models, which are central in the author's program of counselor education, are: (1) the client-centered relationship model (Rogers); (2) the behavioral model, which is based on learning theory; (3) the social psychological model (Adler); (4) the reality model (Glasser); and (5) the rational-cognitive model (Ellis). The particular strengths and appropriateness of each model are discussed. The paper concludes by acknowledging that no one technique or model is adequate by itself; whatever seems appropriate and workable from any one of the models should be used. (TL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Personnel and Guidance Association, Washington, DC.; Ohio Univ., Athens. Coll. of Education.
Note: Paper presented at the American Personnel and Guidance Association Convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey, April 4-8, 1971