ERIC Number: ED048609
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Feb-7
Reference Count: 0
Determinants of Educational Attainment and Retention in School.
Shea, John R.; Wilkens, Roger A.
This paper explores the relationship between: (1) premature withdrawal from high school, (2) entrance to college, and (3) several attitudinal, socioeconomic and demographic measures taken from a national probability sample of 5,225 young men interviewed in 1966 and again in 1967. Being over-age in grade in 1966 and at least 17 in 1967 strongly increased the likelihood of dropping out of high school and this relationship affected blacks much more than whites. Among youth not over-age, low I.Q. and living in the West (whites) or South (blacks) increased the probability of premature withdrawal from school. A combination of relatively low educational aspirations, low family income, and low expenditures per pupil also increased the probability of dropping out of school. While blacks constituted less than one-third of the sample, they were a majority in these disadvantaged categories. The educational expectations of seniors were strongly predictive of entrance to college. Expectations, in turn, were closely related to high school curriculum and mother's educational attainment. Despite low family incomes and relatively little education of many of their mothers youths with high I.Q.'s in these circumstances were more successful than average in moving into college. (Author)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Manpower Administration (DOL), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Human Resource Research.
Note: Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association in New York, New York, February 4-7, 1971