ERIC Number: ED048530
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
The Methodology of Educational Simulation and Design of a Simulated Instructional Model for Occupational Education.
This study synthesized, analyzed, and evaluated critically, various kinds of simulations (simulators, computerized games, in-basket simulation), and derived integrative (theoretical principles which explain and clarify the methodology of educational simulation, particularly as it relates to the: (a) design and instructional application of educational simulation, (b) operational criteria for instructional simulation, and (c) design of an instructional model for occupational education. Literature review and observational techniques were used. The study showed that the focus of all educational simulations was the provision of realistic instruction. Simulation offers laboratory-type experience to the learner under conditions that replicate the operational situations of real life. Gaming is a useful technique for indicating interactive processes but it is not the sine qua non of simulation. Transfer of training is the main criterion for deciding what to include in a simulation design which needs to incorporate at least five criteria: a stimulus situation, a response situation, a consequence situation representing the interaction of stimulus-response, a feedback sequence, and a control. It was found that every simulated instruction is a pragmatic pedagogical approach which gives realism, meaningfulness, and utility to knowledge. (Author/NL)
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Doctoral Dissertations, Education, Laboratory Techniques, Literature Reviews, Observation, Occupations, Realism, Simulation, Teaching Models, Transfer of Training
University Microfilms, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48106 (Order No. 69-20,901, MF $4.00, Xerography $10.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing.
Note: Ph. D. Thesis