ERIC Number: ED048389
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1970-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
The Effect of Busing Black Ghetto Children into White Suburban Schools.
Gardner, Burleigh B.; And Others
This study is an attempt to discover what happens to students' attitudes as a result of experience in desegregated schools. In particular, the students studied were involved in a special busing program called Operation Hospitality, which was carried out by the Chicago Catholic School Board. Through this program, black grade school students from inner city parochial schools are bused to all-white schools, mostly in the suburbs. Although the program has been under way since 1967, it was decided to try to make attitudinal comparisons between bused and non-bused black students and white classmates and non-classmates to see if there is any reasonable evidence of change. In addition, the performance of students, in terms of grades and achievement tests, is considered. Data for description of students' attitudes were collected by means of a self-administered questionnaire, which included a 20 word-pair semantic differential and a "draw-a-picture" of a person. The report concludes that there is a positive change in the whites' view of blacks; also, the blacks' view of whites is changed in the same direction. Thus, each group improved its image of the other in ways that increase acceptability. Both groups became slightly more interesting to the other. In terms of scholastic performance, there is no significant difference in either grades or performance on tests between the bused or non-bused blacks. (Author/JW)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Social Research, Inc., Chicago, IL.