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ERIC Number: ED048352
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Feb
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Analysis of Essays by Computer: A Simulation of Teacher' Ratings.
Whalen, Thomas E.
The prediction of students' writing ability by the development of multiple regression models was investigated. Seventy-one essays and scores on the California Language Test by average seventh graders were used. Essays were entered in a modified Project Essay Grade (PEG) computer program. Results for three specific models are presented: (1) overall writing ability, (2) mechanical proficiency and (3) "standardized" language ability. Empirical cross-validations of these models resulted in predicted scores significant at the .01 level. The relative usefulness of twenty-six linguistic variables--seventeen used by researchers in earlier studies, with nine new ones added--was explored. Statistical procedures utilized in selecting subsets of these variables for predicting the above criteria are presented. Implications for future research in natural language analysis are discussed. (Author/LR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York, New York, February 4-7, 1971