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ERIC Number: ED048338
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Development of a Scaling Technique for Sociometric Data.
Peper, John B.; Chansky, Norman M.
This study explored the stability and interjudge agreements of a sociometric scaling device to which children could easily respond, which teachers could easily administer and score, and which provided scores that researchers could use in parametric statistical analyses. Each student was paired with every other member of his class. He voted on each member as "below me" or "above me" in arithmetic problem solving ability. A classroom matrix was constructed showing proportion of self and peer votes on the trait judged, and an arcsin transformation was used to obtain normality. Teachers also judged each student in the class. In the study, distributions of self, peer and teacher nominations were analyzed for a 501 member pupil sample and their 22 teachers. Results indicate that the arcsin transformation of proportions produces a justifiable interval scale. Pretest and posttest comparisons over six months indicate (1) high reliability of sociometric nominations, and (2) differences of raw score distribution patterns between self, peer, and teacher nominators. Peers were the most accurate predictors of achievement on both occasions. (Author/DG)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York, New York, February 1971