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ERIC Number: ED048296
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Pages: 114
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
An Exploratory Study of the Effect of Varying Modes of Positive Reinforcement on Student Animation in the Beginning Speech Class.
Millar, Dan Pyle
The purpose of this research was to determine if various modes of positive reinforcement can result in the improvement of the beginning speaker's speaking skill. Nine drill sections of a beginning speech course were compared via nonparametric analysis of variance routines. Improvement in gestural skill was ascertained by measuring the differences between pretest and post-test evaluation scores on nine elements of gesturing. Subjects were judged on two dependent measures of gestural skill which yielded a General Evaluation Score and a Physical Performance Score. They were also evaluated before and after being exposed to three modes of positive reinforcement--the Minimum Written Reinforcement condition, the Maximum Reinforcement condition, and the Light On-Set Reinforcement Condition (a flash of light for each acceptable gesture during a performance). It was hypothesized that these three reinforcement conditions would generate different improvement effects--i.e., Maximum Written would show greater change than Minimum Written, and the Light On-Set would show greater change than either written condition. No statistical significance was found in the data, but trends suggest that the theoretic hypothesis is sound and that increased control within an experimental framework would encourage statistical significance in a replication. (JM)
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103 (Order No. 70-9603, MFilm $3.00, Xerography $5.60)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, Michigan State University