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ERIC Number: ED048253
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Pages: 225
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Use of A Library Resource Program for the Improvement of Language Abilities of Disadvantaged First Grade Pupils of an Urban Community.
Bailey, Gertrude Marie
The purpose of this study was to determine whether participation in the activities of a library resource program would improve the psycholinguistic abilities of a group of disadvantaged first grade pupils from an urban community. Twenty-five children for the experimental group and 25 for the control group were selected randomly from one school in a low-economic urban area. Twenty-five first grade children from more economicially favored residential areas of the same city were used as a second control group. Selected activities using children's books and story-telling devices were organized to form a library resource program in which the experimental group participated for 12 weeks, 1 hour a day. The Pintner-Cunningham Primary Ability Test was used to determine the mental ages of the children in the three groups, and the entire battery of the Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities was administered individually before and after the esperimental period. Some of the conclusions were that (1) the disadvantaged children in the library resource program significantly increased their total language ability, (2) the experimental group showed that most significant gains in expressing ideas, and (3) on the test of ability to understand spoken words, the non-disadvantaged group showed a gain significantly greater than the other two groups. (Author/DD)
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103 (Order No. 70-3369, MF $3.00, Xerography $10.15)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ed.D. Dissertation, Boston College