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ERIC Number: ED048111
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Pages: 14
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Perceived Reward Value of Teacher-Issued Reinforcement in Relation to Student Attitude Toward Teacher, Sex and Social Class Background: An Application of Newcomb's Balance Theory.
Davison, Dewitt C.
The significance students attached to teacher behaviors aimed at positively and negatively reinforcing them was examined in relation to certain attitudinal and demographic variables. Using "best liked" and "least liked" teachers as originators of the reinforcement, 256 eighth-grade students in Illinois indicated, in relation to each teacher referent, their feelings on a five-point scale about 20 behavioral events typical of those used by teachers in reinforcing students. A 2x2x3 analysis of variance was performed to determine the influence of the student's sex, social class, and attitude toward the teacher on the significance he attached to the positive reinforcement she offers. Student attitude toward the teacher, sex, and social class were found to be significantly related to how the student regards the teacher's reinforcement. Relationships among certain variables were conceptualized in terms of Newcomb's balance theory. (Author/JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at annual meeting, AERA, 1971