ERIC Number: ED048033
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Jan
Reference Count: N/A
Introducing New Concepts of Geography in the Social Studies Curriculum.
Ball, John M.
Ways in which geographic education lags behind recent developments in the field, as well as conceptual and practical suggestions for bringing it up to date are discussed in this document. Unlike traditional geography, which rested on variations of environmental determinism, a basic interest in man and his spatial reference underlies the concepts and methods of the new geography. The following basic concepts are suggested as being particularly appropriate to geographic education in a social studies program: culture, spatial distribution, spatial interaction, and region. Each of these is defined and elaborated upon. In order to truthfully represent modern geography and its methods, instructional strategies must be designed to allow students to learn by doing geography, and to use facts in a supportive rather than primary role. Since there are currently a very limited number of materials and texts which incorporate the latest geographic thinking, a feasible approach to revising instruction would be to supplement a present course with new units. Five essentials must be considered in planning an instructional unit: objectives, content, learning activities, teaching strategies, and evaluation. Two examples of new instructional units are included, one on Pattern and Distribution, the other on Spatial Interaction. (JLB)
Descriptors: Curriculum Evaluation, Curriculum Guides, Elementary Education, Fundamental Concepts, Geographic Concepts, Geography, Inquiry, Social Studies, Teaching Guides, Teaching Methods, Textbook Evaluation
Geography Curriculum Project, University of Georgia, Margaret Hall, Athens, Georgia 30601 ($1.00)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Georgia Univ., Athens.