ERIC Number: ED047963
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Aug
The Effect of Computer Applications on Achievement in a College Introductory Calculus Course.
Bitter, Gary G.; Slaichert, William S.
Presented are the results of a study designed to determine the effect of computer applications on achievement in a college introductory calculus course. Experimental and control classes were compared at each of three participating colleges. The experimental classes solved calculus homework assignments using timesharing remote computer terminals. These classes used programed materials during the first week, outside of class, to learn BASIC. The experimental and control classes at each school were taught by the same instructor and covered the same calculus content. Many of the usual homework assignments were replaced in the experimental classes with assignments designed for computer application. The subjects had to write their own programs to solve these assignments. Statistical analysis showed that the subjects which were provided with computer extended instruction achieved significantly higher in the college introductory differential calculus course than those who did not have use of a computer. Further, female students achieved significantly higher than male students. No significant differences were observed in the integral calculus test items. [Not available due to marginal legibility of original document.] (Author/RS)
Descriptors: Calculus, College Mathematics, Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Oriented Programs, Homework, Programing
ERIC Information Analysis Center for Science and Mathematics Education, 1460 West Lane Ave., Columbus, Ohio 43221 (Loan)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Arizona State Univ., Tempe. Coll. of Education.; Denver Univ., CO.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Feb. 4-7, 1971, New York City, N.Y.)