ERIC Number: ED047927
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Linguistic Skills and Reading Comprehension.
Simons, Herbert D.
The relevance of a specific linguistic concept--deep structure--to reading comprehension was investigated. The sample consisted of 87 fifth-grade students who were of above-average intelligence. To study the relationship of children's skill at recovering the deep structure of sentences to reading comprehension, the Deep Structure Recovery Test (DSRT) was designed and administered. Reading comprehension, measured by a cloze test and the reading subtest of the Metropolitan Achievement Test, correlated significantly with the DSRT. The DSRT was found to be the most important factor in reading comprehension as measured by the cloze test when compared to IQ, word knowledge, and word recognition skills. The relationship of children's skill at making a lexical analysis of the main verb of sentences and reading comprehension was measured by a sentence completion test and the subjects' performance on sets of items which contained different types of verbs. It was concluded that while the ability to recover the deep structure is an important aspect of reading comprehension, the results did not indicate a clear relationship between lexical analysis strategy and reading comprehension. Tables and a bibliography are included. (Author/DH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Harvard Univ., Cambridge, MA.