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ERIC Number: ED047919
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Feb
Pages: 10
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Passage-Related Reading Comprehension Questions.
Tuinman, J. Jaap
Studies showing that even though certain factual questions are directly related to information in passages they are also easier to answer without reference to the passage are the basis for this study which attempted to define qualities of relationship which might be responsible for the ease of answerability. Three Tests of Acquisition of Information (TAI) composed of paragraphs and multiple-choice items were designed, including a phantasy test (TAI--P), a lexical substitution test (TAI--LS) in which a key word was replaced by an artificial word, and a semantic anomaly test (TAI--SA) in which relationships were distorted by manipulations of parts of speech. Reliabilities were obtained by using a sample of approximately 750 junior-high-school students. In addition, the experimental tests and a reading subtest of the Sequential Tests of Educational Progress (STEP) were administered to 240 junior-high-school students, half of whom read the paragraphs and answered the questions and the other half answered only the questions. Items judged for passage relatedness were analyzed using two-way analysis of variance procedures. Results indicated that TAI--P, STEP, and TAI--LS items did not differ significantly in either the passage or nonpassage conditions, while the TAI--SA test items did. References, tables, and sample test items are included. (MS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York, N.Y., Feb. 4-7, 1971