ERIC Number: ED047895
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Feb
Reference Count: 0
Effect of Intralist Similarity on Kindergarten Pupils' Rate of Word Acquisition and Transfer.
Otto, Wayne; Pizzillo, Carole
The extent to which intralist similarity affects kindergarten pupils' rate of acquisition, word recognition skills, and tendency to generalize responses to similar words was investigated. The subjects were 54 children from a semirural elementary school who had had no formal training in letter recognition. Three acquisition lists were used to represent increasing intralist similarity. Word recognition and generalization tasks were constructed. The children, randomly assigned to learn each list, were given prefamiliarization training and then were given acquisition and test trials. Analysis of variance results revealed no significant differences between groups in the serial-order trial condition, but showed that introduction of intralist similarity impeded rate of acquisition. The medium-similarity group responded more like the no-similarity group than like the high-similarity group. It was concluded that, contrary to the findings of previous studies, the present results implied that medium similarity is sufficiently effective for use with beginning readers since it allows rapid initial learning while causing greater accuracy in subsequent word recognition than no similarity. Tables of results and references are included. (MS)
Descriptors: Basic Vocabulary, Beginning Reading, Kindergarten Children, Reading Instruction, Reading Readiness, Reading Research, Sight Vocabulary, Word Lists, Word Recognition, Word Study Skills
Journal of Reading Behavior (to be published)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.
Note: Paper presented at the meeting of the American Educational Research Association, New York, N.Y., Feb, 1970