ERIC Number: ED047625
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Dec-3
Reference Count: 0
The Ph.D. Surplus - Realities and Illusions.
Hansen, Harold P.
Every 6 years the number of Ph.D.'s produced doubles. At this point about 1 percent of the babies born 27 years ago gets a Ph.D. This production rate will probably increase to 6 percent of the adult population. With the present situation in higher education, which includes an average retirement after 40 years of service, the supply already outstrips the demand. The problem is, however, that the birthrate is declining, so freshmen enrollment in 1985 will be 20 percent less than freshmen enrollment in 1975. To deal with this future surplus of Ph.D.'s, students must be warned that a Ph.D. does not entitle them to a scholarly job. Students could also be kept longer out of the labor market by prolonging the time it takes to get a Ph.D., by increasing the number of post-doctoral programs, or by creating a new and more advanced degree. Another possibility would be the establishment of central government controls for the selection of prospective Ph.D.'s and their disciplines. Control could also be exerted by faculty organization that could establish new hiring and retirement policies. Also, foreign graduate students should be allowed to study here only if they intend to return to their native country upon graduation. A final solution may be the establishment of federally supported centers and institutes where Ph.D.'s could do high quality research. (AF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Council of Graduate Schools in the U.S., Washington, DC.
Note: Address presented at the 10th Annual Meeting of the Council of Graduate Schools in the United States, Miami Beach, Florida, December 3, 1970