ERIC Number: ED047617
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Dec-2
Reference Count: 0
Projections on the Doctoral Population.
Falk, Charles E.
There is a great deal of uncertainty about the graduate education of scientists and engineers. Students are worried about employment opportunities, institutions worry about the quality and quantity of their future graduate programs, and the government worries about an adequate supply of trained manpower for the future. Added to these worries are the increasing suspicion of science on the part of the young, increased employment problems for scientists and engineers, and a limitation of students in the graduate programs, ostensibly for financial reasons. All this has pushed the production of Ph.D.'s downwards. Thirty percent of the doctorates in science are involved in non-academic research, and in this area the Federal Government, the main supplier of funds, has been retrenching. Though private support for R&D has increased, this trend may not continue. The employment picture of scientists and engineers in higher education will depend on future enrollments. According to projections made by the N.S.F., doctorate production will increase by 60 percent over the next 10 years, graduate enrollment in the sciences and engineering will increase from 60 to 65 percent, R&D expenditures will probably remain at 2.8 percent of the G.N.P., and the supply of scientists and engineers with the Ph.D. will probably be slightly larger that the demand, though this will vary and be more pronounced in engineering. (AF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Council of Graduate Schools in the U.S., Washington, DC.
Note: Address presented at the 10th Annual Meeting of the Council of Graduate Schools in the United States, Miami Beach, Florida, December 2, 1970