ERIC Number: ED047485
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Who Are the Retarded: Multiple Criteria Applied to Children in Educable Classes. Final Report.
Garrison, Mortimer; Hammill, Donald
To compare the performance of children in classes for the educable mentally handicapped (EMH) with their peers (age mates) in regular classes on relevant dimensions, to investigate the validity of class placements using multiple criteria, and to determine the relationship between class placement and demographic variables, 378 children in EMH classes and 319 in regular classes (aged 11 years) were compared. The Slosson Intelligence Test for Children and Adults, an adaptation of the Test of Social Inference, an adaptation of the Temple informal Reading Inventory, and the Auditory Reception and Verbal Expression subtests from the 1968 Illinois Test of Psycholinguistic Abilities were given. The distributions were converted into T-scores and the children scoring above and below a T-score of 45 (equivalent in the research data to an IQ of 75) on each of the variables were identified. Applying Jastak's concept of multiple criteria led to the authors' suggestion that the diagnosis in 25% of the children in EMH classes may be erroneous in that they scored above the cutting point on at least four of the five criteria. Only 31% of those in the EMH classes failed either four or five of the five criteria. The authors note that the findings support efforts to maintain most children found in EMR classes in the regular classroom through the use of tutoring and resource rooms. (Author/RD)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Bureau of Education for the Handicapped (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Temple Univ., Philadelphia, PA. Coll. of Education.