ERIC Number: ED047327
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Feb
Effects of Creativity Training, Defensiveness, and Intelligence on Divergent Thinking.
The purpose of this study was to determine whether creativity could be facilitated by a training method based on a salient characteristic of the creative individual, namely, his ability to synthesize elements from two disparate psychological entities: (1) visual experiences; and (2) emotional states. A four-session training program is described in detail. Three hypotheses were tested and accepted: (1) subjects trained to associate elements from two distinct psychological entities will perform significantly better on divergent thinking tests (which measure creativity) than subjects not trained; (2) there is a significant negative correlation between defensiveness (which accords greater receptiveness to both the inner self and the outer world) and divergent thinking performance; and (3) there is a low, positive correlation between intelligence and divergent thinking performance. Instruments used to measure creativity, defensiveness and intelligence are discussed. (TL)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Eastern Michigan Univ., Ypsilanti.
Note: Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Convention in New York, New York, February 4-7, 1971