ERIC Number: ED047324
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Feb
A Methodology of Experience: An Alternative to Behavioral Objectives.
Doll, William E., Jr.
The purpose of this paper is to develop the framework for a teaching methodology based on the concept of experience, especially as that concept has been defined by John Dewey. The discussion is divided into three parts and the first section provides a summation and analysis of behavioral objectives (the current methodology). It is stressed that behavioral objectives assume that ends should be separated from means and determined prior to the activity of learning and that it is the teacher, but never the student, who determines the ends. In the second section a comparison is made of results produced when ends are separated from, as opposed to conjoined with, means. The third section provides the outline for the new methodology. The key ingredient on a philosophical level is the distinction Dewey makes between ends in themselves and ends in view. The latter arise out of activity and act as hypotheses to direct but not control activity, while the former are determined before activity and thus provide the very limits for activity. On the educational level the key ingredient is that education be a process of the student determining his own goals and receiving the results of his own planning. (Author/RSM)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD.
Note: Paper presented at the American Educational Research Association Convention in New York, New York, February 4-7, 1971