ERIC Number: ED047249
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971
Woman's Place; Options and Limits in Professional Careers.
Epstein, Cynthia F.
The author contends that, despite the struggle for equal participation with men in all social and economic spheres, most American women have not adequately exploited their rights and talents. Beginning with a survey of the cultural themes and values that profoundly affect how women's career decisions are made, she gives detailed attention to the socialization process from which individuals derive their self-identity and the sense of personal limits and options. Six major categories of role conflict are then identified and discussed, each deriving from the ambiguities and contradictions associated with being both a female and a professional. Paths and obstacles to the reconciliation of such conflicts are described, along with effects which typically follow from such decisions as marriage or childbirth. Finally, different professions (including law, medicine, engineering, and teaching) are examined in terms of how women's participation is shaped by structural factors, behavioral norms, and tendencies toward change in each field. Problems encountered by poor women--a major part of the work force--are also touched on. (LY)
Descriptors: Bibliographies, Career Opportunities, Cultural Influences, Educational Opportunities, Employed Women, Employment Problems, Females, Professional Occupations, Role Conflict, Role Perception, Socioeconomic Influences, Status
University of California Press, 2223 Fulton Street, Berkeley, Calif. 94720 ($7.95)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A