ERIC Number: ED046704
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: N/A
A Study of Constant Errors in Subtraction and in the Application of Selected Principles of the Decimal Numeration System Made by Third and Fourth Grade Students.
Smith, Charles Winston, Jr.
Reported are the results of a study to determine if specific errors in subtraction occur when students demonstrate ability to apply selected decimal numeration system principles. A secondary purpose was to examine and compare errors made by various subsets of the sample population characterized by grade level, arithmetic achievement, mental maturity, and mean achievement level of the school attended. Knowledge of place value and subtraction skills were measured by another-designed instruments. A positive correlation (.68) existed between performance on place value and subtraction tests. In general, high achievers and high mental maturity groups made significantly fewer (.05) errors than the corresponding low groups. Low achievers generally were unable to apply decimal numeration principles. (Author/RS)
Descriptors: Achievement, Algorithms, Arithmetic, Doctoral Dissertations, Elementary School Mathematics, Error Patterns, High Achievement, Low Achievement, Subtraction
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 69-14,685, Microfilm $3.00, Xerography $8.60)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wayne State Univ., Detroit, MI.