ERIC Number: ED046694
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968
Reference Count: N/A
Independent Study: An Investigation of the Effectiveness of Independent Study of Novel Mathematics Materials in the Elementary School.
Becklund, Lester Albert
Reported are the results of a study made to determine the effects of independent study with experimental matematical materials upon selected achievement measure, and the grade level at which these materials can be used most effectively. Experimental treatments were randomly assigned to three classes within two elementary schools at each of the grade levels three, four, and five. The study was conducted for thirty 50-minute periods. The content of the materials embodied concepts and principles of vectors. At each of the grade levels within each school two classes studied these materials, either independent of the teacher or under teacher direction; a third class was given standard arithmetic materials and teaching techniques. Instruments were administered after treatment to provide measures of convergent thinking, divergent thinking, independent study skills, and arithmetic skills. Performances were compared between independent and dependent, and between experimental and traditional. The differences which were discovered were not found to be significant. (Author/RS)
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Doctoral Dissertations, Elementary School Mathematics, Geometric Concepts, Independent Study, Instruction, Manipulative Materials
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 69-6797, Microfilm $4.40, Xerography $15.85)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis.