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ERIC Number: ED046673
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1971-Feb
Pages: 13
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Text Organization and Its Relationship to Children's Comprehension.
Maroon, Samuel; And Others
With comprehension defined as the ability to specify the relationship between two items, an investigation was conducted to determine the ability of children to relate ideas from several sentences to arrive at answers to questions. This study was a replication of a previous study in which inner-city children participated. In constrast, the subjects were 48 upper-middle-class children in grades 2, 4, and 6. The materials used were three constructed stories in which the sentences were sequenced in three ways: concept organization, attribute organization, or scrambled organization. Below each story were five problem statements typed in a forward order or a backward order. The Newman-Keuls Test was used to multiple comparisons at the .05 level. It was found that (1) children in grade 6 differed significantly from the younger children on percent of correct response; (2) scrambled text differed from the other two; (3) forward and backward order was not significant; and (4) when problems required only one sentence, the responses were significantly higher. In addition, it was noted that the scores for these subjects were substantially higher than those for the lower-class children in the former study. References are included. (DH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the conference of the American Educational Research Association, New York, N.Y., Feb. 4-7, 1971