ERIC Number: ED046505
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Learning to Learn on a Concept Attainment Task as a Function of Age and Socioeconomic Level. Report from the Project on Situational Variables and Efficiency of Concept Learning.
Adams, Janice Freeman
An experiment tested the assumption that differences in learning to learn (LTL) are to a large extent explained by differences in what groups of different socioeconomic status (SES) have learned about ways to learn a task. A 6-problem concept attainment task not dependent on verbalization was used. Subjects were 108 elementary school Caucasian children equally divided among 7-, 9-, and 11-year-old age groups, from low and middle SES categories. Certain differences in the shapes of the subjects' learning curves were predicted. However, results failed to confirm that the 9- and 11-year-olds in low SES groups would have increasing gains on the early problems, with decreasing gains on the final problems. The learning curves for the low SES, 7-year-old group and the middle SES, 7-, 9-, and 11-year-old groups were curves of decreasing gains on all problems, as predicted. In summary, the learning curves on Problems 1 through 6 were curves of decreasing gains for both low and middle SES children at the three ages studied. Suggestions are made for future studies. (Author/NH)
Descriptors: Age Differences, Analysis of Variance, Concept Formation, Elementary School Students, Graphs, Hypothesis Testing, Learning, Learning Experience, Learning Processes, Learning Theories, Prediction, Research Reviews (Publications), Socioeconomic Status, Task Performance, Transfer of Training
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC. Div. of Educational Labs.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.