ERIC Number: ED045938
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1968-Sep
Reference Count: 0
The Process of Growing Old: A Test of the Disengagement Hypothesis.
Marshall, Douglas G.; Hill, Richard C.
A study among 284 retired men, aged 63 to 99, in three southern Wisconsin communities examined whether aging entails disengagement from social relationships. The correlation between aging and disengagement was analyzed in terms of social class (education, former occupation, present income) for residents of rural, urban, and suburban areas. Except in two cases (persons with nine to 12 years of schooling, and farmers), the hypothesized relationship was confirmed. However, it was not very strong empirically--an indication that variables other than age may be more germane to disengagement among people 65 or older. A theoretical approach to aging is needed which draws on role theory and emphasizes age related transitions in social positions, instead of chronological age as such. (Two tables and 22 footnotes are included.) (LY)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Dept. of Rural Sociology.
Note: Population Note No. 10