ERIC Number: ED045845
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Response of Vocational Students to Supervision: Effects of Reinforcing Positive and Negative Attitudes Toward Different Supervisory Roles.
Stogdill, Ralph M.; And Others
This study was designed to determine whether student response to supervision would be affected by the reinforcement of positive (or negative) attitudes toward five patterns of supervisory behavior as shown in motion pictures. For one group of vocational high school students, attitudes toward the supervisory roles "Consideration" and "Tolerance of Freedom" were reinforced, and negative attitudes toward "Structuring Expectations" and "Production Emphasis" were reinforced. For a second group, the opposite reinforcement procedure was employed. The experimental groups did not differ significantly on the before and after tests or adjustment to supervision. However, the group that received negative reinforcement of Consideration and Freedom was rated significantly poorer in adjustment to supervision than the group that received positive reinforcement of Consideration and Freedom. Reinforcement of negative attitudes toward the more highly valued roles was associated with poor adjustment to supervision after the experiment. A number of theoretical questions need to be answered before the reinforcement of attitudes can be recommended as a method for assisting vocational students to accept supervision. (Author)
Descriptors: Behavior Development, Negative Reinforcement, Positive Reinforcement, Predictive Measurement, Secondary School Students, Student Attitudes, Supervision, Vocational High Schools
The Center for Vocational and Technical Education, The Ohio State University, 1900 Kenny Road, Columbus, Ohio 43210
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.