ERIC Number: ED045678
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Nov
Reference Count: 0
Studies in Convergent Communication: 2. A Measure of Communication Accuracy.
Baldwin, Thelma; Garvey, Catherine
A type of problem-solving communication was defined in which communication accuracy was expected to be facilitated by common factors. Three tasks were developed which represented this class of communications and permitted the assessment of communication accuracy. Dyads (48) of grade 5 students--six of boys and six of girls from four population groups: Negro, white, low and middle SES--were observed performing the tasks. The accuracy scores achieved by pairs were consistent across the three tasks. The K-R 20 estimate of internal consistency was .72. Three components of accurate communication were identified: (1) orientation of one member to the other's point of view, (2) communication of essential information, (3) verification of the problem's solution. Measures for describing the adequacy of dyads' performance of these components were derived and correlated with communication accuracy. Each component correlated significantly with accuracy and the three components combined accounted for 44% of the observed variance in accuracy scores. It was also found that accuracy is related to IQ and SES, but not to sex or race. These results can be a step in identifying components which could be taught to help students communicate more accurately. (See also TE 002 138.) (Author/DD)
Descriptors: Communication Skills, Communication (Thought Transfer), Disadvantaged, Disadvantaged Youth, Intelligence, Language Arts, Problem Solving, Racial Differences, Scientific Methodology, Sex (Characteristics), Social Status, Socioeconomic Status, Success, Teaching Methods, Verbal Communication
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for the Study of Social Organization of Schools.