ERIC Number: ED045671
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Dec
Reference Count: 0
Dogmatism and Reading: The Effects of Dogmatism upon Reading Comprehension, Amount of Voluntary Reading, and Response to a Literary Selection.
Two purposes underlay this study--to determine the relationship between closed-mindedness and reading comprehension, and to test a particular rationale for the teaching of literature. Serving as background material were research findings in three areas: (1) dogmatism, tests of dogmatism, the Rokeach Dogmatism Scale, and education-oriented research upon dogmatism; (2) the effect of attitudes upon reading comprehension and upon interpretation of literature; and (3) tests of literary appreciation and the analysis of responses to literature. Twenty sample students, from similar socioeconomic backgrounds and with similar intellectual abilities, were administered the Davis Reading Test (DRT) after which they read and recorded their spontaneous responses to "The Secret Room" by Alain Robbe-Grillet. Open-minded students were found to have higher DRT reading comprehension scores and to read voluntarily a greater number of books than closed-minded students. No appreciable differences were found in the students' written responses to the short story. Tables of findings, a summary and code list of the Purves schema for literary responses, and a bibliography are appended. (JMC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Lethbridge Univ. (Alberta).