ERIC Number: ED045579
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1967
Reference Count: 0
Theoretical Basis of Behavior Modification.
Lindsley, Ogden R.
Academic psychology and education are too much theoretically and methodologically committed; they need "field commitment"--an orientation which allows the people who are working with problem children or adults to use any technique, any tools at their disposal that will enable them to perform most proficiently in a given situation. Until people spend more time really watching and recording behavior, we will not get many new ideas. It is possible to teach effective, functional behavior analysis and management to teachers and parents in 10 to 20 hours of instruction; in some cases, in 2 to 4 hours. One reason that it is possible, in addition to employing a common functional language for analyzing behavior, is that natural consequences have proven to be extremely effective. A class of 34 graduate students were required to find a child whose behavior they wished to accelerate or decelerate . They recorded the frequency of the behavior on graphs which were shown to the class on a large screen with an opaque projector. They described where they were having difficulty or why a particular approach did not work, and only after the class had exhausted its ability to comment and suggest did the instructor comment. This class, which had never had formal instruction in symbolic behavior analysis, outperformed groups taught by other procedures which had had formal instruction. This class and a group of fathers handled in the same manner had 100 percent success in modifying child behavior. (JS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Public Health Service (DHEW), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: Kansas Univ., Lawrence. Bureau of Child Research.