ERIC Number: ED045372
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Reference Count: N/A
Differences in Science Concepts Held by Children From Three Social-Economic Levels.
Klein, Carol Ann
Studied were third and fourth grade children, from schools designated as exclusively serving low, middle, or high social-economic areas in St. Paul, Minnesota, to determine differences in understanding of science concepts and methods. Test items were administered orally and included fifteen questions selected from the school system basic science test plus items on how to find out answers to the questions. For the pilot study, responses from third graders were compared in tape recorded and written form. Three-hundred-ten fourth graders in fifteen classes from nine schools were given the written test. Test scores were treated using analysis of variance and covariance with adjustments for I.Q. differences. Concluded was that differences in understanding science were associated with socioeconomic factors and that using the same texts and materials with all groups may not be an effective teaching method. Lower social-economic groups may need more experimentation and observation. (JM)
Descriptors: Achievement, Elementary School Science, Grade 3, Grade 4, Instruction, Scientific Concepts, Socioeconomic Influences, Student Characteristics
University Microfilms, 300 North Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48106 (Order No. 69-20,028, Microfilm $3.00, Xerography $6.80)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Minnesota Univ., Minneapolis.