ERIC Number: ED044758
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Authority, Rules, and Aggression. A Cross-National Study of Children's Judgments of the Justice of Aggressive Confrontations. Part II. Final Report.
Minturn, Leigh; And Others
This document is Part II of an extensive cross-cultural project which investigated the socialization patterns of children into the compliance systems of society, and focuses upon aggressive behavior and compliant relationships, particularly in the school. Students were selected from comparable grade levels in six countries - Denmark, Greece, India, Italy, Japan, and the United States. Issues discussed in this document are: (1) perceptions of societal norms on justice or wrongness in the regulation of interpersonal aggression varying by sex of aggressor and victim; and (2) overt compliant or non-compliant behavior in the classroom as evidenced by peer ratings of behavior. Data were gathered by semistructured projective pictures, peer nominations, and interviews. Data were analyzed in terms of sampling variations in demographic variables on psychological variables. Some general finds are that: (1) social class appears to be the most influential variable for positive ratings while sex is most influential for negative ratings; (2) girls exhibit less negative behavior except in India; (3) middle class children are more compliant in the classroom in all countries except India; and (4) both positive and negative ratings are generally unaffected by age. (CJ)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Chicago Univ., IL.; Illinois Univ., Urbana.