ERIC Number: ED044430
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
A Study of the Developmental Behavior of Culturally Disadvantaged Children: A Special Study Report on the PAR.
Duke Univ., Durham, NC.
Traditional measures of intelligence frequently yield low scores when applied to disadvantaged subjects. This study tests whether similar findings would result from measures of developmental behavior. Accordingly, the developmental behavior of 159 culturally disadvantaged children (85 boys, 74 girls) was assessed by systematic interviewing of preschool and elementary school teachers using the Preschool Attainment Record (PAR). The children, enrolled in the Education Improvement Program (EIP) in Durham, North Carolina, were members of nine groups attending nursery, preschool, or ungraded primary school. Mean group ages ranged from 24.7 to 93.5 months. The results, by groups, are graphed and analyzed with respect to attainment age, attainment quotient, and the ambulation, manipulation, rapport, communication, responsibility, information, ideation, and creativity subscales of the PAR. Scores on the PAR are also compared with group mean scores on age-appropriate IQ measures. A steady decline in the rate of achievement and noticeable sex differences in performance appear as age increases. The measure proved useful and informative for evaluation purposes in this education improvement program for the culturally disadvantaged. Replication of the study with the same group and comparison with control groups are recommended to check the reliability of the findings. (LR)
Descriptors: Behavior Development, Behavior Rating Scales, Classroom Observation Techniques, Disadvantaged, Early Childhood Education, Elementary Education, Instructional Improvement, Intelligence Quotient, Preschool Education, Preschool Evaluation, Primary Education, Sex Differences, Student Evaluation
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Duke Univ., Durham, NC.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Bayley Scales of Infant Development; Stanford Binet Intelligence Scale; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children