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ERIC Number: ED044404
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1969
Pages: 142
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Effects of Organizational Ability, General Listening Ability, and Sentence Arrangement on Listening Comprehension of Second-Grade Pupils.
Lutz, Nancy Cole
A theoretical study was designed to validate experimentally the assumption of the necessity to guide a primary student's ability to listen and follow sequences of events as an integral part of early reading instruction. Ninety-six second graders were asked to listen to one of four tape-recorded forms of an eight sentence paragraph in four arrangements: (1) in its original order, (2) with the thesis sentence in the medial position, (3) with four sequence changes, and (4) in completely unsequential order. Results showed that general listening ability contributed significantly to the comprehension of the various sentence arrangements in an oral paragraph, that sentence arrangements also contributed significantly to the comprehension of an oral paragraph, and that organizational ability did not contribute to the comprehension of oral paragraphs as measured in this study. Although comprehension was highest with the material in its original order, it was concluded that children can comprehend material which has no sequence better than material which has had several, but not all, of its sequences changed. Recommendations were that teachers should identify low listeners at the second grade level and provide additional guidance in the manipulation of sentence sequences in an oral paragraph. (Author/MF)
University Microfilms, A Xerox Company, 300 N. Zeeb Rd., Ann Arbor, Michigan 48103 (Order No. 69-19,077, MFilm $3.00, Xerography $6.80)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: N/A
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ed.D. Dissertation, New Mexico State University