ERIC Number: ED044212
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Aug
Reference Count: 0
The Meaning and Validity of the "Phenomenal Self" for American Indian Students. The National Study of American Indian Education, Series III, No. 7. Final Report.
Dreyer, Philip H.
Two instruments were used in this study to measure the "phenomenal self": a series of 20 statements, after which the subject checked either "like me" and "not like me," and a semantic differential inventory consisting of 9 concepts which were rated using 7 pairs of adjectives. The final sample of American Indian students for whom both instruments were satisfactorily completed consisted of 2007 youths (998 males, 1009 females) ranging in age from 8 to 20 years. In addition, a non-Indian control group consisted of 168 youths (92 males, 76 females). The working hypothesis was that the scores for the 2 instruments for each Indian student would correlate highly. A coefficient of reliability was computed by the split-half method for each instrument. For the purpose of assessing the validity of the instruments, the original split-half reliability estimates were used. It appeared that while the 2 instruments could not be said to have measured exactly the same theoretical construct (i.e., phenomenal self), they did appear to have measured aspects of the same constructs. The concurrent validity correlations were highest for Plains Indians, Southwest Indians, Northwest Indians and Eskimos, and non-Indian controls. The student inventory is appended. (LS)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Chicago Univ., IL.