ERIC Number: ED044174
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
An Experimental Summer Kindergarten for Culturally Deprived Children.
Wasik, Barbara H.; Sibley, Sally A.
Twenty culturally deprived children planning to enter first grade in the fall attended an 8-week half-day summer program in which a systematic classroom management program utilizing token reinforcement and isolation techniques was combined with a strong academic program. One hour and 40 minutes was allotted daily to pre-reading and language programs (Sullivan reading readiness, 20 minutes; phonics, 20 minutes; supplementary language activities, 20 minutes; language-oriented art, music or other supplementary activities, 40 minutes). Two additional programs, stressing cognitive skills were designed to increase proficiency in such areas as verbal fluency, following instructions, manipulative activities, and classification. Cuisenaire rods were used in the arithmetic program, scheduled daily for one-half hour. Three major areas of skills (intelligence, language and pre-reading, and social maturity) were assessed by a battery of pre- and posttests. Significant gains were shown in the areas of language, speech, pre-reading and arithmetic, and in the ability to handle abstract concepts. Children will be assessed again at the end of first grade to find out if gains are being maintained. Results of tests assessing social maturity were inconclusive. (NH)
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Behavior Change, Classroom Techniques, Disadvantaged Youth, Experimental Programs, Intellectual Development, Kindergarten, Language Programs, Mathematics Curriculum, Maturity (Individuals), Prereading Experience, Program Evaluation, Rewards, Skill Development, Social Reinforcement, Summer Programs, Testing
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Duke Univ., Durham, NC.