ERIC Number: ED044168
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1969-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Parents as Primary Change Agents in an Experimental Head Start Program of Language Intervention. Experimental Program Report.
Boger, Robert P.; And Others
The purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of parents as change agents in an ongoing Head Start program. Subjects were 72 rural white disadvantaged and advantaged children and their parents who were assigned to three treatment groups: developmental language, structured language, and placebo (workshop). Mothers met in 12 weekly 2-hour instructional sessions with teachers, using specific materials developed in teacher-directed workshops. (These meterials were not used in the Head Start program during the experimental period.) Pre- and posttests on a variety of measuring instruments evaluated children's intellectual, linguistic and self concept performance. Also evaluated was the quality of mother-child interaction and the mother's storytelling ability. Results of the study support the major hypotheses which predicted improvement in language performance, intellectual performance, self concept development, and mother child interaction, as a result of a differentiated parent education language program. No program approach was clearly superior but mothers in the specific content oriented intervention program increased their own verbal and linguistic skills as well as the quality of interaction with their children. Children whose parents work with them appear to have a learning advantage. Appendixes comprise more than 1/3 of the document. (NH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Economic Opportunity, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Head Start Evaluation and Research Center.; Merrill-Palmer Inst., Detroit, MI.