ERIC Number: ED044045
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1968-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Integration of Programed Instruction in an Independent Study Program. Final Report.
Zinn, Karl L.
A general course in psychology was selected for a study in which a strategy was devised and demonstrated for integrating self-study materials into a program of independent study. A major problem was to maintain a suitable balance of author direction, teacher guidance, and student initiative. Materials offered the students were a set of objectives; a set of sample test questions; a study guide referencing films, audio tapes, lectures, textbook chapters, and journal articles; a programing language; and a set of quizzes and other learning exercises which could be used in booklet form or on a computer system. Most of the learning materials for the course were available in a room set aside for quiet study or small group discussion. Revision of the procedures and materials of the curriculum was continuous throughout the trial sessions, using data on student performance and attitude whenever possible to bring all students to a satisfactory level of achievement. A programing language, FORTRAN (Formula Translating System), and several instructional strategies were implemented for an IBM 360 time-sharing system. It is thought that the experience of this study is applicable to inexpensive curriculum development for self-instruction projects at university level. Appendices include materials relevant to the course and the study. (MF)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Michigan Univ., Ann Arbor. Center for Research on Learning and Teaching.