ERIC Number: ED043901
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Subject Status and Interviewer Response Program upon Subject Self-Disclosure in Standardized Interviews.
Silver, Robert J.
Two constrasting psychotherapeutic techniques are compared: (1) Jay Haley and John Davis' technique which tests on the assumption that the therapist enjoys and advantage over the client in terms of power, position and status; and (2) Carl Rogers' technique which rejects the notion that the maintenance of a status differential or interviewer positional advantage is protherapeutic. The experiment was a four-way, completely crossed and balanced factorial design, representing each of the following variables: (1) subject status (high or low); (2) interviewer response program (evaluative or reflective); (3) subject sex; and (4) interviewer. Subjects were 24 male and 24 female Indiana University students. Dependent variables included: (1) talk time; (2) self-references; (3) problem admission; and (4) subject comfort. Neither technique received unqualified support. The Haley-Davis competitive-evaluative program produced the greatest amount of self-disclosure, while the Rogerian program was most effective for subject comfort. (TL)
Robert J. Silver, Illinois State University, College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Psychology, Schroeder Hall 420, Normal, Illinois 61761
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American Psychological Association, Washington, DC.; Illinois State Univ., Normal.; Indiana Univ., Bloomington.
Note: Paper presented at American Psychological Association Convention, Miami Beach, Florida, September 3-8, 1970