ERIC Number: ED043683
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1970-Jun
Reference Count: N/A
Primary Mental Abilities and Metropolitan Readiness Tests as Predictors of Achievement in the First Primary Year.
University City School District, MO.
The prediction of achievement provides teachers with necessary information to help children attain optimal achievement. If some skill prerequistites to learning which are not fully developed can be identified and strengthened, higher levels of achievement may result. The Metropolitan Readiness Tests (MRT) are routinely given to all University City kindergarten children. The test of Primary Mental Abilities (PMA) was then administered to groups of boys and girls who were reasonably representative of children in University City Schools in the second month of first grade, and the Stanford Achievement Test at the end of first grade. Analyses of the data revealed similarities and differences in the effectiveness of these tests in predicting performance, measured by subtests of the Stanford Achievement Test, seven to thirteen months later. Both tests identified abilities and guided teachers in individualizing programs based on a child's developmental needs. However, the MRT were more applicable to boys, the PMA to girls. The use of the scores on both tests together added very little to their predictive value; the PMA test hs a slight advantage over the MRT if one had to select a single test. (Author/PR)
Descriptors: Ability Identification, Academic Ability, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Basic Skills, Early Childhood Education, Grade 1, Guidance, Individual Needs, Individualized Programs, Kindergarten, Learning Readiness, Predictive Measurement, Predictive Validity, Predictor Variables, Primary Education, Sex Differences, Skill Development, Tests
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: University City School District, MO.
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Metropolitan Readiness Tests; SRA Primary Mental Abilities Test; Stanford Achievement Tests