ERIC Number: ED043679
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1970-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Assessment of Phonological Discrimination in Children.
Rudegeair, Robert E.; Kamil, Michael L.
A review of the literature indicated that conventional tests are inadequate for accurate assessment of phonological discrimination ability in children. Higher error rates on discrimination tests than those which would be predicted from articulation measures seemed to implicate task variables. To reduce task difficulty, repeated contrast test pairs, consisting of CVC syllables in which the same phonemic contrast occurs twice, were developed. Multiple testing sessions were also employed to reduce initial task difficulty. Two experiments were conduced to determine the effects of task variables. The first experiment involved the use of nonsense syllables in an A-B-X paradigm. The subjects were 12 irst Grade and 12 Kindergarten children. The second experiment involved the use of real word items from the Wepman Test of Auditory Discrimination and the subjects were the First Grade group from experiment I and a new First Grade group of 12. Experiment I showed repeated constrast pairs easier to discriminate than initial or final contrast pairs and that results were poorer on the first day. In experiment II, first day performance was also significantly poorer than the other days. It is suggested that repeated testing is necessary for young children and that repeated contrast pairs may provide a means of obtaining more complete assessment of phonological discrimination ability in children. (Author/LR)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Research and Development Center for Cognitive Learning.