ERIC Number: ED043642
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Oct
A Test of the Empathy-Effective Communication Hypothesis.
Hogan, Robert; Henley, Nancy
Psychologists and linguists often suggest that empathy or role-taking ability is important in the communication process because it enables a speaker to consider in advance the informational demands of his audience. Despite the vintage of the empathy-effective communication hypothesis, it has never been directly tested. In this study, empathy was measured by an objectively scored empathy scale; the communication process was represented by an encoding-decoding task (using abstract designs) to provide quantitative estimates of encoding and decoding ability. For 42 men and women, the average correlation between empathy and encoding skill was +.60, the correlation between empathy and decoding was +.14. Results from a second study tended to confirm these findings. (Sample designs from the encoding-decoding procedure, four tables of findings, and a list of references are provided.) (Author/JMC)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC. Bureau of Research.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for the Study of Social Organization of Schools.