ERIC Number: ED043472
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1970-Aug-31
Reference Count: 0
The Nature of Word Identification in Reading: Phonemic or Semantic? Final Report.
Stanners, Robert E.
Two experiments were conducted to ascertain whether the reader uses phonological cues, semantic cues, or both types of cues in identifying letter combinations. Sixty introductory psychology students participated in the first experiment, which tested the differential effects of phonological and semantic cues on the speed with which a verbal unit can be identified. For the second experiment, 20 undergraduate students took part in two sessions to investigate the question of verbal meaning. When presented visually with a verbal item, the subject had to decide rapidly whether it was or was not a part of his vocabulary. The results of the two experiments indicated that both phonological and semantic cues had an influence on identification speed for verbal material. The most important implications for reading research were drawn from Experiment 2, since it appeared to be a better analog of what the reader does than those experimental tasks which have been used in former research. Use of the same methodology employed in these experiments with more complex materials was recommended for further research. Tables and references are included. (DH)
Publication Type: N/A
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Center for Educational Research and Development (DHEW/OE), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater.